Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common but preventable condition that affects many New Zealanders.
At Northcote Dental, we believe in equipping you with the knowledge to understand and combat gum disease effectively.
Gum disease is a bacterial infection of the gums and structures supporting the teeth. It’s generally categorised into two types: gingivitis, the milder form which affects only the gums, and periodontitis, the more serious form that can damage the bone and tissues that support your teeth.
Symptoms of gum disease may include swollen or red gums, bleeding gums when brushing or flossing, bad breath, receding gums, and loose teeth in advanced stages. However, gum disease can sometimes progress without noticeable symptoms, making regular dental check-ups vital.
So, how can you prevent gum disease?
- Maintain Good Oral Hygiene: Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily to remove plaque and food particles. Use a toothpaste containing fluoride for added protection.
- Regular Dental Check-ups: Regular visits to your dentist can detect early signs of gum disease. Your dentist can also perform professional cleaning to remove any hardened plaque, known as tartar.
- Eat a Balanced Diet: Consuming a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals, particularly vitamin C and calcium, can help strengthen your gums and combat infection.
- Quit Smoking: Smoking is significantly associated with the onset of gum disease. Quitting smoking will improve your oral health and reduce the risk of gum disease.
- Limit Alcohol: Excessive alcohol consumption can dry out your mouth, creating a favourable environment for bacteria to grow.
At Northcote Dental, we’re committed to helping you maintain optimal oral health. By understanding the risks and preventive measures for conditions like gum disease, you can take steps to ensure a healthy mouth.